Most B2B SaaS companies know that not all customers are the same. The concept of segmenting customers, and building an account coverage model based on these segments, is not a new idea.
At Customer Imperative, we often see early stage SaaS companies choose the customer’s ARR value as the primary segmentation metric. On the surface, this is logical – but is often an area where we can do better.
Customer Success is all about driving outcomes and customer experience, and tailoring those needs by customer segment. Identifying the segmentation metrics that make sense for your business is critical to unleashing the power of the Customer Success organization. Consistently evaluating your customer segmentation strategy has many benefits, including:
Segmentation can also help align strategy and drive cooperation across the various parts of the organization. For example, other teams can benefit from:
Over the years, we’ve found that a shared view of segmentation with a common customer vernacular helps SaaS companies move faster.
Let’s take a look at the types of segmentation that may be applicable:
1.) Trait-based segmentation (most common)
Trait-based segmentation utilizes readily-available demographic characteristics about your customers such as industry or company size. These data elements are often available for purchase and are often part of the go-to-market segmentation used by the Sales team.
For example, one of our recent clients had a simple segmentation: they divided their CS team between small, medium and large businesses. The challenge was that their product offered various value props, and customers subscribed in order to get multiple, discrete jobs done. Although their mix of human touch vs. tech touch was appropriate, they were missing opportunities to drive the right outcomes within deeper segments.
Benefit: Easily identifiable and allow for industry-experts to become a part of your CS-team
Risk: Assuming that organizations who share traits share the same desired outcome
2.) Needs-based segmentation
Accounts for the key use cases each customer plans to use to reach their specific desired outcomes, grouping customers who may cross traits. These needs are often identifiable during the sales cycle.
We recently worked with a customer to categorize their entire customer base into the outcomes each client wanted to achieve from using the product. Originally, the client thought that most clients centered around one use case. With a deeper dive, the client realized that while they didn’t need to change account assignment, they needed to design separate customer journeys around each customer segment in order to deliver the unique value each segment needed.
Benefit: Align the organization around outcomes
Risk: May not show the economic value driven to your organization
3.) Value-based segmentation
Differentiates customers by their economic value to your organization, primarily focused on growth indicators that point to ARR potential. This may include existing ARR vs. whitespace ARR, adoption levels and product attachment rates.
We often see customers spending a lot of time firefighting with large accounts that don’t have much upsell opportunity, missing the opportunity to grow entire segments where current product attachment still leaves a ton of white space. Or, in reverse, we see clients with a generalist approach to their account coverage, missing the opportunity to build executive level relationships with their largest customers with the most revenue potential. Segmenting customers into the nurture vs. grow categories helps you drive the outcomes needed in each segment and maximize revenue potential.
Benefit: Understand the revenue potential within your customer base
Risk: Does not necessarily equate to the outcomes customers need
As you get started, is important to create and some assumptions around segmentation and discuss cross-functionally. The best segmentation models apply some elements of each of the methods above. This typically gives us a more complete picture than any one method alone.
Over the course of the last two years, we’ve had the good fortune to work with 30 different B2B SaaS organizations. The successful ones tend to find multiple segmentation strategies. The ability to step outside of a static segmentation allows for a more curious Customer Success organization.
This originally appeared as a guest-post on the ChurnZero blog. ChurnZero is the Customer Success Software built for growing SaaS and subscription businesses. Fight customer churn & expand current accounts.